Chinese Martial Arts Background

Chinese martial art or Wushu (武术; Wǔshù) are also called Kung Fu (功夫; Gōngfu) or Wu Gong (武功; Wǔgōng). Wushu is formed from two separate words. 武 (wǔ), means "martial" or "military" and 术 (shù) means 'technique, discipline, method or art. The word wushu is best described in English term as combat skill. The term Kung Fu, translated as 'effort' and 'skill' is also a term to describe combat skill.

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The historical proof of Chinese martial art are found in the the Qin dynasty (221–206 B.C.) but it had probably started much earlier in the 2000 B.C. As far as individual martial art style history is concerned, each style had their own history and most of the time are contradictory to another style. Therefore, as a martial art practitioner, it important not to be too indulge with the style historical details mainly because most of the details are either exaggerated or not properly recorded and in most cases, martial art style history are sensitive subject in family or school.

Chinese martial art are divided into two main categories. The category which focus on chi (氣 or 气; Qì) manipulation are called as internal (内家; nèijiā), while the other category concentrate on improving muscle and fitness are called external (外家; wàijiā). The martial arts classified as internal styles are Xingyiquan (形意拳
), Baguazhang (八卦掌), and Taijiquan (太极拳) which had a close connection to Taoism and the Wudang monastery. The rest are normally classified as external styles and are closely related to Buddhism and the Shaolin monastery.

Both internal and external categories take different approach to train but will often lead to the same end result. For example, the internal style martial arts will quickly touch on the internal energy flow by moving slowly and later progress to learn to deliver swift powerful blow with the similar movements. The external styles starts off by learning to move swiftly and applications. Whenever the master viewed the student as ready, he will then teach the secret advanced steps and in most cases are related to the use of chi (气).


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